Learn how intermediary races can help you reach your target race goals.
Following a sensible training plan is the most effective way to reach your ultimate racing goals. But part of that plan might call for the need to race in a shorter race to tune up your fitness and competitive juices.
When planning for a significant goal race such as a half-marathon or marathon, incorporating tune-up races three to eight weeks before your big day can keep training fresh, provide a fitness indicator, offer increased training gains and let you try out race-day strategies and gear.
But before you sign up for additional races, there are some caveats to consider. It’s easy to underestimate the benefits of tune-up races or place too much focus on smaller events, thus minimizing potential gains. The key is understanding how a tune-up race fits into your comprehensive training plan and overall goals.
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Boost In Fitness
When it comes to fitness gains, there is no substitute for a hard race effort. The intensity, adrenaline rush and competitive aspects of a race can allow you to push beyond your normal comfort zone, which translates to a higher level of overall fitness. It can be difficult (and counterproductive) to simulate a race experience in a training session, even if in a time trial. Adding races to your schedule is a more effective approach to training than forcing workouts to be harder than appropriate.
Tune-up races help you practice race-day execution for your goal event, the big race for which you’re ultimately training. Having a few trial run races to practice race-day routines, test out shoes, socks, clothes and accessories, practice pre-race and race-day nutrition and tinker with goal pacing are all invaluable. These elements are often underestimated when toeing the line for the larger goal, but, in fact, honing these small factors will contribute to your confidence and often make the biggest difference between race-day execution going poorly, average or really well.
A Good Indicator
Tune-up events are a great way to gauge fitness and preparedness. The good, hard effort of a tune-up race will help expose areas in your training that have room for improvement. That might include your comfort level at a certain speed, your ability to maintain your effort on hills, your consistency of holding pace or your ability to finish strong the last 25 percent of the race.
Some of my greatest learnings came while running a tune-up race a few months before my primary racing goal. I was able to see where I was lacking and still had time to make the necessary adjustments. If you are paying close attention to how you feel in your tune-up race, you will learn what aspect does not feel quite right, or confirm that you are on the right target. For example, you might realize you need more long runs to add to your aerobic base. Or you might sense you lack quick leg turnover and need to work on speed and drills.
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Plan ahead, look at your training calendar and add events that work with your overall plan. Be careful not to just pop races in here or there, but instead consider where a down week would fit nicely or how a race compares to the number of weeks out from your goal. Beware of having too many race efforts in a given period or you may put yourself at risk of injury or fatigue.
More Is Not Always Better
Having too many secondary races will lead to a lack of proper training and continual compromise. Racing should be one of the many aspects included in a training plan, but it should not take the place of the actual training, bigger mileage weeks and weeks with several hard workouts and a longer run. Too many races will cause your overall fitness to level out, leaving you stale and unable to achieve the proper physical and psychological peak.
The distance of your tune-up races should complement the training you are already doing, not confuse it. For example, if you are preparing for a 10K, then running a few 5Ks within the last six weeks leading up to your goal would be appropriate. A hard half-marathon thrown into the mix wouldn’t be a wise choice and could actually be counter-productive, unless perhaps you were planning to run only a portion of that race at race pace. Generally, consider racing half the distance or less of your goal race, but not within two to three weeks of your goal race.
How Often Should I Race?
Many runners believe racing is the fun part, the reward for the all of the arduous training we do. The temptation to race every weekend can be an easy trap to fall into, but it’s important to keep your greater goals in mind and evaluate how each race fits into the bigger picture. I like to have my athletes work in four-week cycles, with three weeks of solid, uninterrupted training followed by a recovery week, which can sometimes culminate in a race.
For most runners, one race a month is more than enough, but in some cases a shorter tune-up race two to three weeks out from a longer goal race can be good preparation. When planning your schedule, anchor your season around a few target races — for example a marathon you’re planning to run in the fall or the local 10K in your town — and then fill in smaller races accordingly.
But be careful not to race too often. Pushing your body to the red line too many times can leave you fatigued and disrupt your regular training schedule.
This piece first appeared in the June 2013 issue of Competitor magazine.